Cutting

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Cutting – Lacquer – Direct Metal Mastering – How to choose ? – Timing specifications

Gravure vinyle miscroscope 2

It is known that the cutting process is the most expensive of the whole production process but the cutting is without any doubt, the most important step in the process of pressing your own vinyl record.

It is very important that your audiofiles are totally correct at the start of the cutting process and that you choose the cutting method in function of what you need and not in function of your budget.
The result of your final record will always be the reflection of the original cutting…
Vinylium doesn’t provide DMM cutting anymore but we can help you to make your choice a little easier …

Vinylium does ONLY guarantee lacquer cuts performed by Vinyl Room cutting studio Holland.

Vinyl Room cutting studio has been selected by Vinylium for its quality of service, time management, flexibility and competitive pricing !

Send your questions concerning cutting to : info@thevinylroom.nl or contact directly :

Lex van Coeverden / VINYLROOM
Graspeel 62
5411 LD Zeeland
Holland

  • Phone : 0031 486 453 819
  • Mobile : 0031 655 690 135

Vinyl Room cutting studio will dedicate itself to recut your tracks without extra charge in case of :

  • Cutting on defected Lacquer !
  • Damages caused by or during shipment to Vinylium.
  • Handling errors by our galvanic technician (drop, production error, etc …)
  • Malfunctioning of the silvering process (many different factors can be the cause of the malfunctioning …)
  • Error during the cutting process made by Vinyl Room cutting studio (sound or lead-out engraving)

For any other lacquers sent by a cutting studio of your choice, don’t forget to have a discussion with your engineer about potential destruction of your lacquers that may occur during shipment or by ourselves as mentioned above and try to set a financial arrangement with the engineer in this case because Vinylium will not take any financial responsability in this matter.

Other reminder

When you have received the test pressings without cutting errors nor galvanic development errors, and the audio sound doesn’t correspond to your needs, a new cutting can be done BUT the refused and the new cutting as well as the galvanic development will be inevitably invoiced !

For clients who don’t want to take any risk having to pay two cuttings due to a different approach of the sound treatment by the cutting engineer, we advise you to contact a cutting studio of your choice and if needed, attend the cutting process to have full satisfaction of your cutting. In this case, your cutting studio will send us your cuttings and they will carry full responsability of the AUDIO result and the sent lacquers.

Here’s a list of cutting studios in case you want to choose for yourself…

DMM or LACQUER ?

DMM Cutting acetate-dubplate_4
DMM is the quickest solution, looking at the galvanic process and therefore also the cheapest. But is also has a disadvantage, due to the fact that a DMM will be cut directly into a copper plate, the level of sound will be less than a lacquer cutting. When the same track is cut, DMM loses about+/- 2DB compared to the same lacquer cutting.
A lacquer consists of a resin based surface and offers the possibility to cut deeper into the surface. For this reason, the sound will be louder but the galvanic process will also take longer. This process is a lot more complicated and therefore also more expensive.

To show the difference between the two systems, we have processed an identical track that was cut on DMM and on Lacquer.
Once the records were pressed, we played them on the same Technics turntable with a Concorde needle and recorded them digitally.

Here are the visuals of the digital files for you to compare.

Sample Dmm - Lacquer cutting RVB

Downloadable 60 second samples (.wav) for you to compare on your sound equipment:

(.wav – 48.000 Hz; 16 Bit; Stereo; PCM – 11243 Ko)

DP LTD 01 sample – DMM – 01.00

(.wav – 48.000 Hz; 16 Bit; Stereo; PCM – 11220 Ko)

DP LTD 01 sample – LACQUER – 01.00

We hope that we have made your choice for a cutting system a little easier …

Here is a chart (audio cutting specifications) that presents all the available formats (12″-10″-7″-LP).

In funtion of your total timing per side, you will be able to view the possible rpm of your record (45rpm or 33rpm).

Chart for cutting.pdf – Download here

Important reminder !

Important, a cutting on 33rpm will have a better quality then a 45rpm pushed to the limit

A cutting is not a mastering.

A mastering or pre-mastering is a process that optimises your sound through equalising, compression, limiting, processing etc.. in order to get the best possible sound quality and level. Mastering of your tracks is an option that is available through our services and that will come at an extra cost.

The cutting is just the transfer of your audio to another physical support that will be done by a professional cutting engineer.

If you compare your test pressing with another vinyl record, be sure that those two are comparable ! It is possible that you are comparing a non mastered home recording with a mastered high end studio recording.

The cutting studio can’t do miracles to your sound and every artist also sounds different.

If you would like a 33rpm cutting, for example for Hip-hop ou you would like to be able to play your record on very high speeds such as 45rpm +8 for several styles of music, then please let us know in advance. It can be, if you don’t let us know, that our cutting studio decides to cut the record on another RPM because this would sound better !! Inform us always before the cutting process starts !!!

We won’t take any responsability for this.

Please, don’t overcompress and overlimit your tracks to the maximum, the engineers need headroom to be able to obtain the best sound quality possible, if they have to lower the level of cutting due to saturation, the quality of your record with lower as well.

A lot of artists like to use severe stereo effects, cracks, etc … in their tracks, please inform us in advance if you use these kinds of sounds. Do understand that when you use loops or sounds that are very distorted and include crackles, it is almost impossible for us to identify cracks coming from a malfunction of the pressing process !


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